Special transports, 25 days for a permit

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They are mostly produced in Northern Italy, especially in the Northeast, and are sold all over the world. These are the mechanical products that fall into the heavy boilermaking sector, including tanks, tanks, metal containers, pressure equipment, reactors, boilers, machines and equipment for the chemical, petrochemical and petroleum industries. Manufacturing which often reaches significant dimensions and which cannot be divided up, not even for the indispensable shipment to the end customer. And here lies the problem as Cgia of Mestre continues to highlight together with Aipe, the Italian pressure equipment association. Both have been pointing out for years that to be delivered to the client this type of goods must be transferred through exceptional transports with very high costs, which risk causing a highly appreciated segment of Made in Italy to lose competitiveness. In Italy, in 2022 – latest data made available by Cgia and Aipe – there were 824 boilermaking manufacturing company locations, operating in 1,300 local units with around 20 thousand employees: Lombardy has the record with 270 companies and 480 factories, the Triveneto follows closely.

North-East record

In Veneto alone, there are 102 companies in the sector (10% medium and large) producing in 166 locations, followed by Friuli Venezia Giulia with 14 (25 local units) and Trentino Alto Adige, with 10 (14). All things considered, therefore, there are 126 companies in the macro-region and they employ over 3 thousand people, more than 1,900 concentrated in Veneto. The national value of cross-border sales generated by the sector is equal to 922 million for a trade balance of 717 million (78% of the export value), a figure that highlights the high degree of Italian specialization in this sector. If we also consider that the main export item from Veneto is represented by mechanical equipment, which also includes boilermaking production, we understand how this manufacturing segment is also significant in the economy of the north-eastern macro-area.

Global competition increases and the pressure on local businesses is felt above all on the price factor, which also rises due to transport costs (as well as high taxation, labor costs and difficulty in accessing credit).

The crash of 2016

At the origin of the increase in transport costs was the collapse in October 2016 of the provincial road 49 overpass on the Milan-Lecco state road 36 at Annone di Brianza, which marked a very strong tightening in the issuing of shipment authorizations exceptional with heavy economic consequences and, in some cases, real paralysis. The time required to obtain permission to carry out special transport is the longest in Europe and equals at least 25 days compared to the average 6.3 in the EU. This explains how the costs of exceptional transits have skyrocketed in recent years. Again in 2021, in the midst of the pandemic turbulence and after a considerable slowdown in exports, a consequence of the closure of production activities in the first months of the health emergency, Aipe proposed the establishment of subsidized national West-East and North-South corridors for exceptional transport . A request that is reiterated from year to year.

Permissions Rebus

Exceptional transport can be carried out only after having obtained a specific authorization issued by the owner or concessionaire for motorways, state and military roads, and by the regions for the remaining road network: those involved are therefore Anas, 25 concessionary companies, 19 regions and two autonomous provinces. The authorization can be issued only when the transport is compatible with the conservation of the road superstructures, the stability of the buildings and the safety of traffic, and compensation is due to the body that owns the road.



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