Nuclear, here are the 20 Italian centers where the waste is: 30% is in Lazio

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Waiting for the place where it will be built to be chosen national radioactive waste repository, there are several centers in Italy that currently produce or hold this type of waste and provide for their treatment and storage. Nuclear medicine centers, including hospitals, are significant due to their large number throughout the country. These facilities retain most of the radioactive waste they produce until it decays completely, and then dispose of it as conventional waste. The remaining part is given to the operators of the system for the collection and management of medical and industrial radioactive waste, who arrange for its storage in their temporary deposits while awaiting, after treatment and conditioning, the transfer to the national deposit.

Where are the nuclear sites

Among the main structures in which radioactive waste is produced and/or stored – destined for national storage – in Italy today there are the four nuclear power plants in operation until the end of the 1980s and now in the decommissioning (dismantling) phase managed by Sogin a Trino (Vercelli), Caorso (Piacenza), Latina and Garigliano (Caserta). Four fuel cycle plants in decommissioning are added, still managed by Sogin together with Enea: Eurex in Saluggia (Vercelli), Itrec in Rotondella (Matera), Ipu and Opec in Casaccia (Rome) and Fn in Bosco Marengo (Alessandria) . Again: the research reactor in Ispra (Varese); seven nuclear research centers (Enea in Casaccia, Ccr of Ispra, Avogadro deposit in Saluggia, LivaNova also in Saluggia, the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Energy and Studies Center in Milan, the University of Pavia and the University of Palermo). Finally: the centers of the integrated waste management service in operation (Nucleco in Casaccia, Campoverde in Milan, Protex in Forlì and the one no longer active (the Cemerad in Taranto). Twenty centers that today represent the geography of Italian radioactive waste.

Radioactive waste decreasing

According to the latest data published in December by the National Inspectorate for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (Isin), in Italy as of 31 December 2022 there were 31,159 cubic meters of radioactive waste. Compared to 2021 they are down: 653 m3 less. «A decrease due not to the lower production of “civil” waste – medical and industrial – but rather to the treatment and conditioning activities of radioactive waste which led to a reduction in volume», we read in the Isin note.

In Lazio 30% of the total

The region that holds the largest quantity of radioactive waste is Lazio, with 9,591 m3 (30.78% of the national total), followed by Lombardy (6,462 m3: 20.74%), Piedmont (5,923 m3: 19th, 01%), Basilicata (3,857 m3: 12.38%), Campania (2,495 m3: 8.01%), Emilia Romagna (1,167 m3, 3.74%), Tuscany (1,038 m3: 3.33 %) and Puglia (625 m3: 2.01%).

In absolute numbers, the quantity is growing in Lombardy (+352 m3), Piedmont (+99 m3), Basilicata (+ 25 m3), Campania (+ 5 m3) and Tuscany (+ 4 m3); it decreases, on the contrary, in Emilia Romagna (- 713 m3) and Lazio (- 435 m3). Puglia is stable.

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