Every second in Italy 2.4 square meters are cemented

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iEvery second in Italy we lose 2.4 square meters of soil. The complaint comes from the WWF on World Soil Day, which is celebrated on 5 December. In 2022, therefore, another 77 square kilometers of surface have been built over in our country, 63% of which, Coldiretti recalls, to the detriment of national agriculture. In Italy the usable agricultural surface has been reduced to just 12.8 million hectares, and this has an effect not only on food production, but also on the hydrogeological stability of the territory. The result, Coldiretti always maintains, is that 9 out of 10 municipalities have part of the territory in areas at hydrogeological risk due to landslides and floods.

The Cib – Italian Biogas Consortium has chosen World Soil Day to launch the Farming for Future recipe: these are ten actions to protect the territory and encourage agroecology, from the valorisation of organic zootechnical waste to organic fertilization in the fields, up to precision agriculture to minimize soil cultivation. «Investments in technology, advanced soil processing measures and efficient use of digestate – said the president of Cib, Piero Gattoni – will allow the return of organic substance to the soil, increasing the fertility of the land, contributing to biodiversity and increasing the retention capacity of nutrients and water, bringing the soil back to the centre.” With the Farming for Future roadmap outlined by the CIB, it is possible to reduce emissions from the agricultural sector by 30% by 2030, as well as a further 6% reduction in national CO2 emissions linked to the use of fossil energy.

Everyone’s goal is to arrive in Italy at a law on land consumption that will finally curb its excessive exploitation. «A law on soil – declared the Minister of the Environment and Energy Security Gilberto Pichetto Fratin – will be able to help us win this challenge, as part of the reorganization of environmental legislation that we have started through the work of a specific Commission. Protected soil also means a vigorous fight against hydrogeological instability, a priority commitment of the government in comparison with the Regions and autonomous Provinces”. At European level, the EU Commission, last July, published a proposal for a directive on soil monitoring which aims to prevent and mitigate the impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss, to reverse degradation processes, as well as to increase resilience against natural disasters and to guarantee food safety, also aiming to reduce contamination. “However, it is necessary to accelerate – said the president of Coldiretti, Ettore Prandini – the approval of the law on land consumption which has been pending in Parliament for years and which could provide Italy with a cutting-edge instrument for the protection of its territory” .



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